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Types of Insulin

The peak and duration of insulin is affected by many things, including individual response, time of day, exercise, stress, sickness, and content of a meal (high-fat meals can lead to hypoglycemia).

Importantly, oral infections may cause an increased demand for insulin.

Insulin reacts differently in individuals and the chart below is only a general guideline based upon insulin manufacturer information.

Types of insulin#

TypeTechnical nameBrand nameOnsetPeakDuration
Rapid-actingAspart
Glulisine
Lispro
Novolog
Apidra
Humalog
5-30 min30 min-3 hrs3-5 hrs
Rapid-acting inhaled(insulin human ) Inhalation powderAfrezza12-15 min60 min2.5-3 hrs
Short-actingInsulin regularHumulin R
Novolin R
30 min3 hrs4-12 hrs (U-100),
up to 24 hrs (U-500)
Inter-mediate actingInsulin NPHHumulin N
Novolin NL
60-90 min4-12 hrs14.5 hrs
Long-actingGlargine
Detemir
Lantus
Levemir
3-4 hrsnone up to 20 hrs
Ultra-long actingGlargine U-300
Degludec U-100 and U-200
Toujeo
Tresiba
6 hr
1 hr
none≥24 hrs
≥42 hrs
PremixedLispro protamine/LisproHumalog Mix50/50
Humalog Mix75/25
30-60 min2-12 hrsup to 18 hrs
Aspart protamine/AspartNovolog Mix 70/30
NPH/RegularHumulin 70/30
Novolin 70/30

Related Pages#

Refences/Website#