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Complementary Information

AbbreviationsClassifications and Definitions of Diseases and Disorders
Common Types of MedicationsInternet Sites with Quick Links
Nutritional risk assessmentRisk and Assessment Calculators

Internet Sites with Quick Links#

Drug Interactions

Medications

Evidence-Based Dentistry Resources

Publications

Updated Medical and Statistical Information

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

National Institutes of Health

Classifications and Definitions of Diseases and Disorders#

Alzheimer's Disease

Asthma

Cardiovascular Disease

Congestive Heart Failure

Diabetes Mellitus

Ejection Fraction

HIV and AIDS

Hypertension

Kidney Disease

Metabolic Syndrome

Parkinson’s Disease

Sjögren's Syndrome

Risk and Assessment Calculators#

Prognosis and survival for patients with liver disease

Nutritional risk assessment#

Common Types of Medications#

Abbreviations#

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A#

AbbreviationDefinition
A1Chemoglobin A1C
ABGarterial blood gas
ACEangiotensin-converting enzyme
ACSacute coronary syndrome
ACTHadrenocorticotropic hormone
ADAAmerican Dental Association
AEDautomated external defibrillator
AFatrial fibrillation
Afibatrial fibrillation
AIDSacquired immune deficiency syndrome
AHAAmerican Heart Association
ALTalanine transaminase
AMIacute myocardial infarction
ANBTantibiotics
aPTTactivated partial thromboplastin time
ARONJantiresorptive agent-induced osteonecrosis of the jaw
ASAacetylsalicylic acid; aspirin
ASCVDatherosclerotic cardiovascular disease
ASTaspartate transaminase
AVatrioventricular

B#

AbbreviationDefinition
BCGbacille Calmette-Guerin
BCPbirth control pills
BDbipolar disorder
BEbacterial endocarditis
BIDtwo times daily
BMIbody mass index
BMRbasal metabolic rate
BMTbone marrow transplant
BRONJbisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws
BSAbody surface area
BTbleeding time
BPblood pressure
BUNblood urea nitrogen

C#

AbbreviationDefinition
CCelcius
Cacalcium; or cancer
CABGcoronary artery bypass graft
CADcoronary artery disease
cAMPcyclic adenosine monophosphate
CBCcomplete blood cell count
CDCCenters for Disease Control and Prevention
cGycentiGray
CHFcongestive heart failure
CHDcoronary heart disease
CKcreatine kinase
Clchloride; chlorine
CLLchronic lymphocytic leukemia
cmcentimeter
CMLchronic myelogenous leukemia
CNScentral nervous system
CO₂carbon dioxide
COMTcatechol-o-methyl transferase
COPDchronic obstructive pulmonary disease
COVID-19coronavirus disease 19
COX-2cyclooxygenase-2
CPKcreatine phosphokinase
CPRcardiopulmonary resuscitation
Crcreatine
CSFcerebrospinal fluid
CVAcerebrovascular accident
CVDcardiovascular disease
CTcomputerized tomography
CXRchest x-ray

D#

AbbreviationDefinition
D & Cdilation and curettage
DBPdiastolic blood pressure
D/Ddifferential diagnosis
DDAVPdesmopressin acetate
dLdeciliter (= 100 mL)
DMdiabetes mellitus
DMARDdisease-modifying antirheumatic drug
DNAdeoxyribonucleic acid
DTPdiphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (toxoids/vaccine)
D/W or Ddextrose in water
Dxdiagnosis

E#

AbbreviationDefinition
ECFextracellular fluid
ECGelectrocardiogram
ECTelectroconvulsive therapy
EEGelectroencephalogram
EFejection fraction
ELISAenzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
ENTear, nose, and throat
ERCPendoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
ESRerythrocyte sedimentation rate
ESRDend-stage renal disease

F#

AbbreviationDefinition
FFahrenheit
FDAU.S. Food and Drug Administration
FEV1forced expiratory volume in 1 second
FFPfresh frozen plasma
FVIIIcoagulation factor VIII
FIXcoagulation factor IX
FPGfasting plasma glucose ft – foot; feet (measure)
FUOfever of unknown origin

G#

AbbreviationDefinition
Ggram
GCSglucocorticosteroids
GFRglomerular filtration rate
GIgastrointestinal
G6PDglucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase
GUgenitourinary
GVHDgraft versus host disease
Gygray

H#

AbbreviationDefinition
hhour
HAARThighly active antiretroviral therapy
HAVhepatitis A virus
Hbhemoglobin
Hgmercury
HgbA1chemoglobin A1c or glycolated hemoglobin
HBeAghepatitis B e antigen
HBsAghepatitis B surface antigen
HBVhepatitis B virus
HCIhydrochloric acid; hydrochloride
Hcthematocrit
HCO₃bicarbonate
HCVhepatitis C virus
HDL-Chigh density lipoprotein cholesterol
HDVhepatitis D virus
HEVhepatitis E virus
HFpEFHeart failure with preserved ejection fraction
HFrEFHeart failure with reduced ejection fraction
Hgmercury
HIVhuman immunodeficiency virus
HLAhuman leukocyte antigen
HMG-CoAhydroxymethyl glutaryl coenzyme A
HPVhuman papilloma virus
HRThormone replacement therapy
hsbefore bedtime
HSCThematopoietic stem cell transplant
HSVherpes simplex virus
HTNhypertension
h/ohistory of
Hxhistory
Hzhertz (cycles/sec)

I#

AbbreviationDefinition
IBDinflammatory bowel disease
I & Dincision and drainage
ICDimplanted cardioverter defibrillator
ICFintracellular fluid
ICUintensive care unit
IDUinjecting drug use(r)
IEinfective endocarditis
IgA, etcimmunoglobin A, etc
ILinterleukin
IMintramuscular
INRinternational normalized ratio
ITPimmune thrombocytopenic purpura
IUinternational unit IV – intravenous
IVDUintravenous drug use(r)

J#

AbbreviationDefinition
JVDjugular vein distention

K#

AbbreviationDefinition
Kpotassium
kcalkilocalorie (food calorie)
kgkilogram

L#

AbbreviationDefinition
Lliter
lbpound
LDHlactate dehydrogenase
LDLClow density lipoprotein cholesterol
LVEFleft ventricular ejection fraction
LFTliver function test
LMWHlow molecular weight heparin

M#

AbbreviationDefinition
Mmolar
mmeter
MAOImonoamine oxidase inhibitor
MCHmean corpuscular hemoglobin
MCHCmean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration
MCPmetacarpophalangeal (joint)
MCVmean corpuscular volume
MCSmedical complexity status
MDDmajor depressive disorder
MDRTBmultidrug-resistant tuberculosis
MGmyasthenia gravis
mgmilligram
MHxmedical history
MImyocardial infarction
MICminimum inhibitory concentration
mIUmilli-international unit
mLmilliliter
mmmillimeter
mmolmillimole
momonth
mol wtmolecular weight
mOsmmilliosmole
millimicron (= nanometer)
MRImagnetic resonance imaging
MTPmetatarsophalangeal (joint)
MVPmitral valve prolapse

N#

AbbreviationDefinition
Nnitrogen; normal (strength of solution)
Nasodium
NaCIsodium chloride
ngnanogram (= millimicrogram)
NHLnon-Hodgkin lymphoma
NKDAno known drug allergies
nmnanometer (= millimicron)
nmolnanomole
nponothing by mouth
NSAIDnonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
NSTEMInon-ST-elevated myocardial infarction

O#

AbbreviationDefinition
O₂oxygen
OAosteoarthritis
OTCover-the-counter (pharmaceuticals)
ozounce

P#

AbbreviationDefinition
PPhosphorus, pressure
PACO₂alveolar carbon dioxide partial pressure
PaCO₂arterial carbon dioxide partial pressure
PAO₂alveolar oxygen partial pressure
PaO₂arterial oxygen partial pressure
PASperiodic acid-Schiff
pcafter food
PCIpercutaneous coronary intervention
PCO₂carbon dioxide partial pressure (or tension)
PCPPneumocystis carinii pneumonia; or primary care physician
PCRpolymerase chain reaction
PEFpeak expiratory flow
PETpositron emission tomography
pgpicogram (= micromicrogram)
pHhydrogen ion concentration
PIPproximal interphalangeal (joint)
Pltplatelet count
PMNpolymorphonuclear cell
PNDparoxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
poby mouth
PO₂oxygen partial pressure (or tension)
PPDpurified protein derivative
ppmpert per million
PRNwhen necessary
ptpatient
PTprothrombin time
PUDpeptic ulcer disease

Q#

AbbreviationDefinition
qevery
qAMevery morning
qdevery day
qhevery hour
qhsevery bedtime
qidfour times daily
qodevery other day

R#

AbbreviationDefinition
RArheumatoid arthritis
RBCred blood cell count
Rctreticulocyte count
RFrheumatic fever
RHDrheumatic heart disease
RINDreversible ischemic neurologic deficit
RNAribonucleic acid
ROSreview of systems

S#

AbbreviationDefinition
S1-S4heart sounds
SARS-CoV-2severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
SaO₂arterial oxygen saturation
SBPsystolic blood pressure
SCsubcutaneous
SCDsudden cardiac death
SIInternational System of Units
SIDSsudden infant death syndrome
SLEsystemic lupus erythematosus
SOBshortness of breath
solnsolution
spspecies (singular) s/p – status post; after
sppspecies (plural) SSRI – selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
STDsexually transmitted disease
STSserologic test for syphilis
SVTsupraventricular tachycardia
Sxsyndrome

T#

AbbreviationDefinition
TBtuberculosis
TIAtransient ischemic attack
tidthree times daily
tiwthree times weekly
TLCtherapeutic lifestyle change
TNFtumor necrosis factor
TSHthyroid-stimulating hormone

U#

AbbreviationDefinition
µmicro-; micron
UAunstable angina; or urine analysis
UFHunfractionated heparin
µgmicrogram
µLmicroliter
µmmicrometer
µmolmicromole
URIupper respiratory infection
UTIurinary tract infection

V#

AbbreviationDefinition
VTEvenous thromboembolism
vWDvon Willebrand’s disease

W#

AbbreviationDefinition
WBCwhite blood cell count
WHOWorld Health Organization
wtweight

X#

AbbreviationDefinition
XRTradiation therapy