Oral health care considerations for patients with prosthetic heart valves:
- Administer antibiotic according to the 2007 American Heart Association’s infective endocarditis prophylaxis guidelines.
- Be aware of possible drug allergies.
- Check the patient’s PT/INR, when appropriate.
- Follow anticoagulation protocol for anticoagulated patients.
- Antiplatelet medications used for patients with prosthetic heart valves do not need to be altered prior to routine dental care.