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Unresponsive and Unconscious Patient

Compression Technique

Breathing Technique


Unresponsive and Unconscious Patient

2010 AHA Guidelines for CPR for adults, children and infants:
(The old method was A-B-C for airway, breathing and compressions.
The new method is C-A-B for compressions, airway, and breathing.)

Compression Technique:

Place the heel of the hand on the center of the patient’s chest. Put the other hand on top of the first with the fingers interlaced.

Breathing Technique:

Pinch closed the nose of the patient. Take a normal breathe, cover the patient’s mouth with yours to create an airtight seal, or use a bag valve, and mask system (e.g Ambu bag), and then give 2, 1-second breaths and watch for the chest to rise.


  1. Try to get the patient to respond.
  2. Call 911, or ask someone else to do so.
  3. In the vent of trauma, neck and back need to be kept in line.
  4. If the patient doesn’t respond, roll the patient on his or her back; simultaneously check for normal breathing (< 10 seconds), and the presence of a pulse.
  5. If no pulse, start chest compressions. Compress the chest at least 2 inches in adults and children,
    and 1.5 inches in infants.
  6. 30 compressions at a rate of 100 times/minute or slightly faster.
  7. Open the Airway with a head tilt and a chin lift.
  8. Provide 2 rescue Breaths.
  9. Continue 30 compressions, 2 breathes (30:2) until an AED or EMS arrives.