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Concerns

Causes

Signs and symptoms

Action

Causes

  • excess blood glucose (usually<300 mg/dL
  • not enough insulin (normal before meal blood glucose range 70-130 mg/dL)

Signs and symptoms

Early

  • increased thirst (polydipsia) and urination (polyuria)
  • high blood glucose level

Late

  • shortness of breath (SOB)
  • fruity breath odor
  • nausea and vomiting
  • decreased consciousness

Action

  • prevention is key
  • patient may require insulin adjustment or initiation

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