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Concerns

What type of prosthetic valve was inserted?

How many valves were replaced?

What types of medications are you taking?

Do you have any drug allergies?

What type of prosthetic valve was inserted?

A valve can be mechanical or bioprosthetic. Mechanical valves include caged-ball, single-tilted disc, and bileaflet-tilted disc. Bioprosthetic valves include, heterografts and homografts.

Different types of prosthetic valves require different levels of antithrombotic and anticoagulation therapy.

How many valves were replaced?

Patients with more than one prosthetic valve will be anticoagulated at higher PT/INR levels (different anticoagulation therapy ) than patients with only a single valve replacement.

What types of medications are you taking?

Patients with prosthetic valves are commonly on anticoagulation therapy.

Do you have any drug allergies?

Drug allergies may affect the type of medication used for antibiotic prophylaxis.

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