HIV Viral Load
- HIV viral load is a measure of the number of HIV RNA copies found in 1 mL of blood.
- An “undetectable” viral load is usually <20-40 HIV RNA copies/mL, depending on the type of test used.
- A viral load above 10,000 HIV RNA copies/mL is an indication of HIV disease progression. The higher the viral load, the faster the disease is progressing.
- Any continuous increase in viral load suggests low efficacy of the anti-HIV medications the patient is taking. Physicians use viral load measures to determine if and when to change HAART regimens.
- High viral loads have been associated with the development of oral lesions.