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Classifications and definitions of diseases and disorders

Risk assessment for disease progression and survival

Nutritional risk assessment

Common types of medications

Abbreviations

Nutritional risk assessment

Abbreviations

A Back to top
A1C hemoglobin A1C
ABG arterial blood gas
ACE angiotensin-converting enzyme
ACS acute coronary syndrome
ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone
ADA American Dental Association
AF atrial fibrillation
Afib atrial fibrillation
AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome
AHA American Heart Association
ALT alanine transaminase
AMI acute myocardial infarction
ANBT antibiotics
aPTT activated partial thromboplastin time
ARONJ antiresorptive agent-induced osteonecrosis of the jaw
ASA acetylsalicylic acid; aspirin
AST aspartate transaminase
AV atrioventricular
B Back to top
BCG bacille Calmette-Guerin
BCP birth control pills
BD bipolar disorder
BE bacterial endocarditis
BID two times daily
BMI body mass index
BMR basal metabolic rate
BMT bone marrow transplant
BRONJ bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws
BSA body surface area
BT bleeding time
BP blood pressure
BUN blood urea nitrogen
C Back to top
C Celcius
Ca calcium; or cancer
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
CAD coronary artery disease
cAMP cyclic adenosine monophosphate
CBC complete blood cell count
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
cGy centiGray
CHF congestive heart failure
CHD coronary heart disease
CK creatine kinase
Cl chloride; chlorine
CLL chronic lymphocytic leukemia
cm centimeter
CML chronic myelogenous leukemia
CNS central nervous system
CO2 carbon dioxide
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
COX-2 cyclooxygenase-2
CPK creatine phosphokinase
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
Cr creatine
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
CVA cerebrovascular accident
CVD cardiovascular disease
CT computerized tomography
CXR chest x-ray
D Back to top
D & C dilation and curettage
DBP diastolic blood pressure
D/D differential diagnosis
DDAVP desmopressin acetate
dL deciliter (= 100 mL)
DM diabetes mellitus
DMARD disease-modifying antirheumatic drug
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
DTP diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (toxoids/vaccine)
D/W or D dextrose in water
Dx diagnosis
E Back to top
ECF extracellular fluid
ECG electrocardiogram
ECT electroconvulsive therapy
EEG electroencephalogram
ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
ENT ear, nose, and throat
ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate
ESRD end-stage renal disease
F Back to top
F Fahrenheit
FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration
FEV1 forced expiratory volume in 1 second
FFP fresh frozen plasma
FVIII coagulation factor VIII
FIX coagulation factor IX
FPG fasting plasma glucose ft – foot; feet (measure)
FUO fever of unknown origin
G Back to top
G gram
GCS glucocorticosteroids
GFR glomerular filtration rate
GI gastrointestinal
G6PD glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase
GU genitourinary
GVHD graft versus host disease
Gy gray
H Back to top
h hour
HAART highly active antiretroviral therapy
HAV hepatitis A virus
Hb hemoglobin
Hg mercury
HgbA1c hemoglobin A1c or glycolated hemoglobin
HBeAg hepatitis B e antigen
HBsAg hepatitis B surface antigen
HBV hepatitis B virus
HCI hydrochloric acid; hydrochloride
Hct hematocrit
HCO3 bicarbonate
HCV hepatitis C virus
HDL-C high density lipoprotein cholesterol
HDV hepatitis D virus
HEV hepatitis E virus
Hg mercury
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
HLA human leukocyte antigen
HMG-CoA hydroxymethyl glutaryl coenzyme A
HPV human papilloma virus
HRT hormone replacement therapy
hs before bedtime
HSCT hematopoietic stem cell transplant
HSV herpes simplex virus
HTN hypertension
h/o history of
Hx history
Hz hertz (cycles/sec)
I Back to top
IBD inflammatory bowel disease
I & D incision and drainage
ICD implanted cardioverter defibrillator
ICF intracellular fluid
ICU intensive care unit
IDU injecting drug use(r)
IE infective endocarditis
IgA, etc immunoglobin A, etc
IL interleukin
IM intramuscular
INR international normalized ratio
ITP immune thrombocytopenic purpura
IU international unit IV – intravenous
IVDU intravenous drug use(r)
J Back to top
JVD jugular vein distention
K Back to top
K potassium
kcal kilocalorie (food calorie)
kg kilogram
L Back to top
L liter
lb pound
LDH lactate dehydrogenase
LDLC low density lipoprotein cholesterol
LFT liver function test
LMWH low molecular weight heparin
M Back to top
M molar
m meter
MAOI monoamine oxidase inhibitor
MCH mean corpuscular hemoglobin
MCHC mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration
MCP metacarpophalangeal (joint)
MCV mean corpuscular volume
MCS medical complexity status
MDD major depressive disorder
MDRTB multidrug-resistant tuberculosis
MG myasthenia gravis
mg milligram
MHx medical history
MI myocardial infarction
MIC minimum inhibitory concentration
mIU milli-international unit
mL milliliter
mm millimeter
mmol millimole
mo month
mol wt molecular weight
mOsm milliosmole
millimicron (= nanometer)
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MTP metatarsophalangeal (joint)
MVP mitral valve prolapse
N Back to top
N nitrogen; normal (strength of solution)
Na sodium
NaCI sodium chloride
ng nanogram (= millimicrogram)
NHL non-Hodgkin lymphoma
NKDA no known drug allergies
nm nanometer (= millimicron)
nmol nanomole
npo nothing by mouth
NSAID nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
NSTEMI non-ST-elevated myocardial infarction
O Back to top
O2 oxygen
OA osteoarthritis
OTC over-the-counter (pharmaceuticals)
oz ounce
P Back to top
P Phosphorus, pressure
PACO2 alveolar carbon dioxide partial pressure
PaCO2 arterial carbon dioxide partial pressure
PAO2 alveolar oxygen partial pressure
PaO2 arterial oxygen partial pressure
PAS periodic acid-Schiff
pc after food
PCI percutaneous coronary intervention
PCO2 carbon dioxide partial pressure (or tension)
PCP Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia; or primary care physician
PCR polymerase chain reaction
PEF peak expiratory flow
PET positron emission tomography
pg picogram (= micromicrogram)
pH hydrogen ion concentration
PIP proximal interphalangeal (joint)
Plt platelet count
PMN polymorphonuclear cell
PND paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
po by mouth
PO2 oxygen partial pressure (or tension)
PPD purified protein derivative
ppm pert per million
PRN when necessary
pt patient
PT prothrombin time
PUD peptic ulcer disease
Q Back to top
q every
qAM every morning
qd every day
qh every hour
qhs every bedtime
qid four times daily
qod every other day
R Back to top
RA rheumatoid arthritis
RBC red blood cell count
Rct reticulocyte count
RF rheumatic fever
RHD rheumatic heart disease
RIND reversible ischemic neurologic deficit
RNA ribonucleic acid
ROS review of systems
S Back to top
S1-S4 heart sounds
SaO2 arterial oxygen saturation
SBP systolic blood pressure
SC subcutaneous
SCD sudden cardiac death
SI International System of Units
SIDS sudden infant death syndrome
SLE systemic lupus erythematosus
SOB shortness of breath
soln solution
sp species (singular) s/p – status post; after
spp species (plural) SSRI – selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
STD sexually transmitted disease
STS serologic test for syphilis
SVT supraventricular tachycardia
Sx syndrome
T Back to top
TB tuberculosis
TIA transient ischemic attack
tid three times daily
tiw three times weekly
TLC therapeutic lifestyle change
TNF tumor necrosis factor
TSH thyroid-stimulating hormone
U Back to top
µ micro-; micron
UA unstable angina; or urine analysis
UFH unfractionated heparin
µg microgram
µL microliter
µm micrometer
µmol micromole
URI upper respiratory infection
UTI urinary tract infection
V Back to top
vWD von Willebrand’s disease
W Back to top
WBC white blood cell count
WHO World Health Organization
wt weight
X Back to top
XRT radiation therapy

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